“The art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society such as wildlife habitat, timber, water resources, restoration, and recreation on a sustainable basis.”

Source: “Silviculture.” U.S. Forest Service. Accessed May 2019. https://www.fs.fed.us/forestmanagement/vegetation-management/silviculture/index.shtml.